Define relative dating techniques
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These artifacts suggest people who are settled, at least part of the time. Washington, DC: George Washington University, 1977. (local study containing cultural sequence of eastern U.Your local archeologist may be able to furnish suitable materials, or the sequences in the publications listed below may be used for illustration. Then ask the students to arrange them in sets according to distinctive characteristics. Who made it, a specialized craftsman or an ordinary member of the society? The time line generated by your students will introduce them to the important concept of stratigraphy, as well as to the goal of archaeology: to reconstruct past lifeways and place them in a chronological framework in order to better understand the present. This technique dates a site based on the relative frequency of types of artifacts whose dates of use or manufacture are known. The kinds of questions they should ask are: Is it made of wood, paper, cloth, metal, pottery? Is it for personal care, decoration, or amusement, or does it have a utilitarian purpose? Were the materials used in its manufacture from the local area or from far away? The categories for classification will be suggested by the objects in the assemblage. Level III (latest): pictures of a pipe stem (which can be assigned a date of 1794 by its diameter); a coin dated 1802; a bullet casing; a few grains of corn; the skeletal remains of a horse; a metal coffee pot lid. The coin was made in 1802, but could have been dropped any time after that date, as the pipe stem must have been dropped later than its date of manufacture. This concept called the (the date after which) is of particular importance to archaeologists dealing with the historic period. Exercises: Ask the students to exchange their items with others in the class to guess their use.